In Western dance, music, plays and other arts, the performers are only very infrequently masked. For about five hundred years, the Roman Empire maintained the Greek East and consolidated a Latin West, but an East-West division remained, reflected in many cultural norms of the two areas, including language.
Italy was dominated by city-statesmany of which were nominally part of the Holy Roman Empireand were ruled by wealthy aristocrats like the Medicisor in some cases, by the pope. The period produced ever more extravagant art and architecture, but also the virtuous simplicity of such as St Francis of Assisi expressed in the Prayer of St Francis and the epic poetry of Dante 's Divine Comedy.
The Dictionnaire philosophique Philosophical Dictionary, and Letters on the English written by Voltaire spread the ideals of the Enlightenment.
Painting and photography[ edit ] Saint Francis of Assisi Receiving the Stigmataattributed to Jan van Eyck, from until Jan van Eyckamong other renaissance painters, made great advances in oil paintingand perspective drawings and paintings had their earliest practitioners in Florence.
A West Slavic people, the Polesformed a unified state by the 10th century and having adopted Christianity also in the 10th century   but with pagan rising in the 11th century.
Some economists say that the major impact of the Industrial Revolution was that the standard of living for the general population began to increase consistently for the first time in history, although others have said that it did not begin to meaningfully improve until the late 19th and 20th centuries.
The Bayeux tapestry is one of the supreme achievements of the Norman Romanesque. Under the Frankish kings, it eventually, and partially, reunified, and the anarchy evolved into feudalism.
However, Muslim forces reconquered the land by the 13th century, and subsequent crusades were not very successful.
From the East, however, the Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent continued their advance into the heart of Christian Europe — besieging Vienna in The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about to sometime between and Under the vassals were the peasants or serfs.
Inthe last of the Greenland Norseman abandoned their colony to the ice. She is most likely the personification of Geometry, based on Martianus Capella's famous book De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii [5th c.
Of course, extended prose fiction had existed much earlier; both novels of adventure and romance in the Hellenistic world and in Heian Japan.
The Celts also created some significant literature in the ancient world whenever they were given the opportunity an example being the poet Caecilius Statius.
Cathedral schools began in the Early Middle Ages as centers of advanced education, some of them ultimately evolving into medieval universities.
They also developed a large amount of scientific knowledge themselves, as seen in their Coligny Calendar. Coinciding with the Age of Enlightenment was the scientific revolutionspearheaded by Newton. Holy Roman Emperor Henry IVone of the most powerful men of the 11th century, stood three days bare-headed in the snow at Canossa inin order to reverse his excommunication by Pope Gregory VII.
Under the Frankish kings, it eventually, and partially, reunified, and the anarchy evolved into feudalism.
The rediscovery of the Justinian Code in Western Europe early in the 10th century rekindled a passion for the discipline of law, which crossed many of the re-forming boundaries between East and West.
Large Gothic cathedrals of extraordinary artistic and architectural intricacy were constructed throughout Europe, including Canterbury Cathedral in England, Cologne Cathedral in Germany and Chartres Cathedral in France called the "epitome of the first great awakening in European civilisation" by Kenneth Clark .
After the war, France gained all of Normandy excluding the city of Calaiswhich it gained in From here, Norseman attempted their short-lived European colony in North Americafive centuries before Columbus.
Scholars have proposed a wide variety of theories to explain why the Great Divergence happened, including lack of government intervention, geography, colonialism, and customary traditions.
The Age of Discovery faded into the Age of Enlightenment of the 18th century, during which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority. Medieval Christianity created the first modern universities.Western culture, throughout most of its history, has been nearly equivalent to Western Christian culture, and many of the population of the Western hemisphere could broadly be described as cultural Christians.
Western culture, throughout most of its history, has been nearly equivalent to Christian culture, and many of the population of the Western hemisphere could broadly be described as cultural Christians.
Influence of Greek and Roman Culture on Western Civilization - There are many different ways that modern cultures in the west have been impacted and built upon, but there are two ancient cultures that were the most influential.
The Greek and Roman cultures helped shape. The other greatest influence on western civilization is the one of Ancient Rome. They formed a law code much like the ones used now a day in many countries. They formed a law code much like the ones used now a day in many countries.
Here are some ways religion has influenced culture and civilisation: Shared religion will generally reinforce shared moral values in a society Shared philosophy provides a common world view which increases societal cohesion. Influence of Greek and Roman Culture on Western Civilization - There are many different ways that modern cultures in the west have been impacted and built upon, but there are two ancient cultures that were the most influential.
The Greek and Roman cultures helped shape .Download