Horticulture and crops

Brinjals, or eggplants, peppers, and okra are widely cultivated. The temperate zones are also the areas of the grasses—the finest lawns particularly are in the regions of moderate or high rainfall—and of the great cereal crops. Within a year a small amount of scion material from one plant can produce hundreds of plants.

Agriculture Many people have a difficult time understanding the differences between horticulture and agriculture. Though simple and effective, layering is not normally adapted to large-scale nursery practices.

Many kinds of beans can be grown successfully, including the French bean from the American subtropics, the many varieties of the African cowpea, and yard-long bean. Drooping black raspberry stems tend to root in contact with the soil.


Hunter-gatherers prune trees too, to encourage larder yields and materials for making tools like baskets. The International Society for Horticultural Science [16] promotes and encourages research and education in all branches of horticultural science.

They may produce new cormels from fleshy buds. Elevation is a determining factor. The edible portion of the potato, the tuber, is also used as a means of propagation.

Defining Horticulture

Harvesting of dry seed is accomplished by threshing. Some vegetables are perennial artichoke, asparagus, Jerusalem artichoke, rhubarb, sea kale. Relatively little tree and shrub seed is grown commercially; it is generally harvested from natural stands.

Growing grains, pulses or oilseeds for feed, food or industrial use is not horticulture nor are systems growing plants for fibre production e. Seed from fleshy fruits is recovered through fermentation of the macerated softened by soaking pulp or directly from screening.

Welcome to Horticulture & Crop Science

Second, some plants take a long time to grow from seed to maturity. Rice is excluded as being tropical, but wheat, barley, corn maizeand rye grow well in the temperate zones.

Another factor is the length of day, the number of hours the Sun is above the horizon; some plants flower only if the day is long, but others make their growth during the long days and flower when the day is short.

Environmental factors such as light, temperature, humidity, and oxygen are important, as are age, position, and type of stem. The basic technique in grafting consists of placing cambial tissues of stock and scion in intimate association, so that the resulting callus tissue produced from stock and scion interlocks to form a living continuous connection.

The ability of stems to regenerate missing parts is variable; consequently plants may be easy or difficult to root. A number of growth regulators stimulate rooting. The oldest Horticultural society in the world, founded inis the Ancient Society of York Florists.

Physical dormancy is due to structural limitations to germination such as hard impervious seed coats. In rice and tobacco, mature plants have been obtained from callus formed from pollen. These may be storage organs such as tubers that enable the plant to survive adverse conditions or organs adapted for natural propagation—runners or rhizomes—so that the plant may rapidly spread.

Horticulture and Crops

I go more into this aspect in Domestication Vs. These plants have half the normal number of chromosomes. Most of these departments provide advanced training leading to the M. Recently some horticultural growers have attempted to reduce or even eliminate reliance on inorganic fertilizers and pesticides through the incorporation of ecologically based practices integrated crop management.

These include the unchanged perpetuation of naturally cross-pollinated or heterozygous plants and the possibility of propagating seedless progeny.

They are found in such plants as the onion, daffodil, and hyacinth. Cold stratification is a prerequisite to the uniform germination of many temperate-zone species such as apple, pear, and redbud. Seasonal Rotation Aside from building strength through selective harvesting, seasonal rotation of lands and food sources, and even yearly rotations allows an area to restore itself from the temporary impacts of the harvest.The Horticultural Crops Directorate (HCD) which was formerly known as Horticultural Crops Development Authority (‘HCDA’) was established under the Agriculture Act, Chapter of the Laws of Kenya, through Legal Notice No.

of Aug 27,  · Our agriculture and horticulture specialists use trusted research-based information to give New Hampshire farmers, businesses and citizens the tools they need to succeed. We provide a wide-range of resources, including workshops, fact sheets, programs, on-site consultations and comprehensive pest, plant and soil diagnostics.

HORTICULTURE. HORTICULTURE. Horticulture, literally garden culture, is a part of crop agriculture that also includes agronomy and forestry.

By tradition, horticulture deals with garden crops such as fruits, nuts, vegetables, culinary herbs and spices, beverage crops, and medicinals, as well as ornamental plants.

The main objective of this question might be, to know what is Horticulture. I'm sure, many must be knowing or having an idea about what is agriculture but not Horticulture. So here is my answer for those who want to clear the idea about Horticultu. horticulture (sic) crops.

Horticulture Defined. Horticulture is defined as that branch of agriculture concerned with growing plants that are used by people for food, for medicinal purposes, and for aesthetic gratification. Horticulture is divided into specializations.

The terms used to describe these. Horticulture Vs. Agriculture. Many people have a difficult time understanding the differences between horticulture and agriculture. This may occur because some agricultural strategies cross over into horticultural strategies.

Horticulture and crops
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